Antiretrovirals are a group of diverse drugs developed for HIV infections that vary widely in theoretical efficacy against HERVs, side effect profiles, and cost. HERV expression is apparently increased in some PALS; however, it is unknown if this is a
beneficial, neutral, or pathological process. Furthermore, it is not clear if ARV-targeted mechanisms such as cell infection and viral replication are taking place in PALS. Based on the lack of evidence for use of ARVs in PALS who test negative for HIV and HTLV, we cannot recommend them as a treatment for ALS. We look forward to the results of the two ongoing trials of ARVs in PALS.
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