Melatonin has plausible mechanisms, some positive (and some negative) pre-clinical data, and two case reports in which it was part of a cocktail of treatments associated with recovery of lost motor function. As we have stated previously, there are
multiple possible explanations for cases like these. There was also a very small, flawed retrospective study suggesting that PALS taking it progressed more slowly and lived longer than PALS were not taking it. Melatonin appears safe at high doses, but evidence is lacking for a proven benefit in slowing disease progression in ALS. Furthermore, an optimal dose and route of administration have not been established. Based on this data, a pilot trial of melatonin in PALS would be reasonable, but we cannot yet recommend it as an ALS treatment.