At ALSUntangled our goal is to provide guidance on the mechanism, pre-clinical data, anecdotal evidence, trials and risks of various alternative treatment options. Our goal is not to challenge the rights of PALS to pursue these options. Along these lines, MSC transplants in general have a promising mechanism, good pre-clinical data in ALS models and appear reasonably safe when performed with approved standardized protocols, proper oversight, and monitoring. However, the specific protocols used at PSC for PALS are poorly detailed, appear variable in terms of the sources of MSCs being used, the ways these are being modified and the places where these are being inserted, have no provision for confirming the material being inserted, and have only subjective and usually brief improvements associated with them. ALSUntangled strongly supports further study of MSC in PALS, but only with transparent, reproducible protocols that include confirmation of transplanted material and objective outcome measures. At this time, it does not appear to us that PSC is meeting these criteria.